The Welsh XV had plenty of possession to win the game but did not break the gainline often enough up front or run strongly and directly enough behind.
The Welsh forwards more than held their own but behind the scrum it was the tourists who had the edge in both pace and penetration.
Two of the threequarter line, centre Luke McAlister and wing Joe Rokocoko, played in the under-19 side that won the Junior World Cup in Chile last year and they looked the class players of the night.
Rokocoko made the first try with a powerful blindside surge and well-timed pass to supporting scrum-half Scott Cowan to give New Zealand a 7-6 lead, McAlister kicking the conversion.
Cardiff fly-half Nick MacLeod had kicked two penalties to give Wales a 6-0 lead and his third just before half-time put Wales into a tenuous 9-7 lead at the interval.
McAlister kicked New Zealand back into the lead with a penalty before replacement wing Tony Koonwaiyou dramatically snatched the ball out of the grasp of Llanelli full-back Ceiron Thomas to sprint clear for a try converted by McAlister.
Wales threatened but handled sloppily in the face of aggressive defence. The forwards with hooker Huw Bennett (Swansea) and No 8 James Malpas (Cardiff) continued to make a real game of it.
Wales: Pens - N MacLeod (3). New Zealand: Tries - S Cowan, T Koonwaiyou; cons - L McAlister (2); pen - McAlister.
New Zealand Schools will face Welsh Schools U18 at Neath RFC on Friday 18 January. The match kicks off at 7.15pm
Warren Gatland and Sam Warburton look ahead to this week's crunch RBS 6 Nations tie against France, where the Wales skipper in particular is keen to make his mark, as Paris has proved a bleak place for him in the past.
Following their historic win over England, Wales Under 20 suffered a narrow, 36-34 loss to their Scottish counterparts last weekend, despite outscoring them by five tries to three. Watch the match highlights and reaction.
WRU TV go behind the scenes with the Wales squad as they put the final touches in place ahead of the clash against Scotland at Murrayfield. Follow the squad on their captain's run, the kickers visit to Murrayfield and Neil Jenkins' press conference