The Australian-born second-rower was stretchered off in the first half of Wales' scratchy 11-10 win over Fiji on Friday night. His hamstring was torn away from the bone in a sickening collision and he may not play again this season.
Wales coach Mike Ruddock confirmed: "The injury needs an operation and Brent is out of action for at least four months, possibly six.
"It's awful news for Brent and his family, as well as the Ospreys and Welsh rugby, who have lost a quality player.
"On the injury front, we are getting a lot more headaches than we would like."
Cockbain, who turns 31 on Tuesday, joins fellow British Lions Gethin Jenkins, Ryan Jones, Dwayne Peel, Tom Shanklin and Gavin Henson on Wales' ever-expanding injury list. As well, three other Wales players - Dafydd Jones, Kevin Morgan and Chris Horsman - limped off during the Fiji match with ankle injuries. Jones and Morgan are unlikely to play against South Africa next Saturday.
Despite drawing with Ireland in the opening round of the RBS 6 Nations, Wales defence coach Shaun Edwards believes the championship 'is still in our hands' as he prepares his side to face Scotland at Principality Stadium tomorrow.
Meet the members of the WRU's inaugural Youth Board - after an online selection process which saw a host of high calibre candidates submit video applications the WRU has made its first 15 appointments.The board is made up of individuals aged between 16 and 21, and will meet for the first time at Principality Stadium on Monday 15th February.
The Wales Women's team headed to Dare Valley Country Park on a team bonding exercise as the entire squad got together for the very first time in preparation for this season's Six Nations championship which kicks off on Saturday with a clash against defending champions Ireland, in Donnybrook.