The Australian-born second-rower was stretchered off in the first half of Wales' scratchy 11-10 win over Fiji on Friday night. His hamstring was torn away from the bone in a sickening collision and he may not play again this season.
Wales coach Mike Ruddock confirmed: "The injury needs an operation and Brent is out of action for at least four months, possibly six.
"It's awful news for Brent and his family, as well as the Ospreys and Welsh rugby, who have lost a quality player.
"On the injury front, we are getting a lot more headaches than we would like."
Cockbain, who turns 31 on Tuesday, joins fellow British Lions Gethin Jenkins, Ryan Jones, Dwayne Peel, Tom Shanklin and Gavin Henson on Wales' ever-expanding injury list. As well, three other Wales players - Dafydd Jones, Kevin Morgan and Chris Horsman - limped off during the Fiji match with ankle injuries. Jones and Morgan are unlikely to play against South Africa next Saturday.
A pioneering strength and conditioning programme has been delivered to more than 8000 boys and girls at hub schools throughout Wales this season, helping to develop stronger, more flexible athletes for rugby and other sports.
The Singha Premiership Rugby 7s Series returns to the BT Sport Cardiff Arms Park on July 22nd when all four Welsh regions go head to head. Scarlets skills coach Dai Flanagan and Blues Elite Performance Pathway Manager Richard Hodges along with current Welsh squad members were at the launch of this season's event
GB7s women left their England base to train in Wales this week. Olympic Games hopeful Rachael Burford gives WRU TV's Graeme Gillespie her thoughts on Welsh teammate Jasmine Joyce - a 'one touch wonder'
The GB7s women's squad is currently training at Wales' Centre of Excellence where assistant coach Richie Pugh tells WRU TV's Graeme Gillespie some 'tough calls' will have to be made when it comes to finalising the 12 spots for Rio's Olympic Games.