The Australian-born second-rower was stretchered off in the first half of Wales' scratchy 11-10 win over Fiji on Friday night. His hamstring was torn away from the bone in a sickening collision and he may not play again this season.
Wales coach Mike Ruddock confirmed: "The injury needs an operation and Brent is out of action for at least four months, possibly six.
"It's awful news for Brent and his family, as well as the Ospreys and Welsh rugby, who have lost a quality player.
"On the injury front, we are getting a lot more headaches than we would like."
Cockbain, who turns 31 on Tuesday, joins fellow British Lions Gethin Jenkins, Ryan Jones, Dwayne Peel, Tom Shanklin and Gavin Henson on Wales' ever-expanding injury list. As well, three other Wales players - Dafydd Jones, Kevin Morgan and Chris Horsman - limped off during the Fiji match with ankle injuries. Jones and Morgan are unlikely to play against South Africa next Saturday.
Welsh players and management joined Deputy Minister for Sport Ken Skates at the Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay earlier this week to reveal the Union's pioneering school-club hub initiative has been so successful the project will now almost double the scale of the original project.
The Scarlets, Newport Gwent Dragons, Cardiff Blues and the Ospreys look ahead to Judgement Day III which sees the Blues take on the Ospreys (2.30) and the Dragons tackle the Scarlets (4.45pm) at the Millennium Stadium tomorrow afternoon.
Ystradgynlais and Ynysddu played out a titanic struggle at Taffs Well in the SSE SWALEC Bowl semi-final. At the end of the game neither team could be separated after a 15-15 stalemate but Ystradgynlais go through on try count.
Blues strike first in JD III battle - Newport Gwent Dragons lock Andrew Coombs, WRU referee Dylan Llyr Jones and Cardiff Blues hooker Matthew Rees decide dressing room allocations for Judgement Day III
Wales Under 18 captain Calum Haggett has received a conditional offer to read Biomedical Science at St Anne's College, Oxford. WRU chairman Gareth Davies went to meet Calum and Coleg y Cymoedd Principal Judith Evans to wish him luck in his exams and pass on some of his personal experience.
Dodgy tattoos, carthorses, Avatar and soft chins are revealed by Wales Sevens players Tom Williams and Sam Cross as they profile the Wales Sevens squad taking part in Hong Kong this weekend in the latest round of the HSBC Sevens World Series.